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Batteries of the ocean – wave energy can reduce intermittency in a renewable-powered grid


New research has found the relative predictability and consistency of waves means energy generated from the ocean could play a vital role in improving reliability and stability, while also reducing costs in a renewables-powered grid.

The report, completed for Wave Swell Energy by Australia’s national science agency, the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), showed that wave energy converters added significant value to a future energy system when deployed alongside wind and solar PV resources, which are more variable and intermittent than wave power.

Wave Swell Energy has just completed a successful 12-month trial of its groundbreaking UniWave200 prototype off King Island in Tasmania, where the device supplied electricity to the island’s microgrid and exceeded performance expectations.

As part of the new research, CSIRO explored the economic benefits that wave energy converters offer by improving the reliability of electricity supplies in a variety of weather conditions.

The study found the predictability and consistency of wave power can deliver commercial advantages in hybrid applications by reducing the need for energy storage and smoothing the inconsistent availability associated with wind and solar PV.

For instance, modelling of multi-day interruptions to supply found that deploying a combination of solar, offshore wind and wave power, coupled with battery storage, would require less than half the capital expenditure of a system with just solar, offshore wind and battery storage. Compared to a hybrid of just solar and onshore wind, the model that includes wave power would require one-third of the expenditure.


Wave Swell Energy CEO Paul Geason welcomed the findings, declaring that wave power has arrived and is ready to contribute to global decarbonisation efforts.


“We have increasingly sophisticated tools that can accurately predict waves and their size in a given location,” said Mr Geason.


“CSIRO’s research shows Australia’s oceans can complement wind and solar to provide a dependable supply of energy in a variety of weather conditions, helping to bring down the price of electricity in a network that is increasingly dependent on intermittent renewable sources.”


Mr Geason said that just as Australia has become a world leader in solar innovation, it is now on the cusp of a wave power boom, with Wave Swell Energy’s technology standing at the ready to unlock the potential of the world’s oceans.


The researchers assessed three representative locations across Victoria and South Australia that were selected for their wave characteristics, proximity to transmission infrastructure and separation from marine parks. The study builds on previous research that Australia’s southern coastline provides wave conditions that can contribute a significant proportion of Australia’s renewable energy supplies.


The research shows that wave power can help to meet the growing demand for technologies that can deliver guaranteed volumes of electricity as coal and gas power stations are retired.


Throughout the year-long trial at King Island, Wave Swell Energy’s Uniwave200 converter supplied electricity to the island’s microgrid to complement wind, solar and energy storage.


Mr Geason described the island as functioning like a working laboratory, demonstrating the potential of a variety of renewable energy technologies working together to provide energy for homes, businesses and industry, regardless of whether the sun is shining or the wind is blowing.


“Our pilot demonstration on King Island has proven that wave power can supply energy in a variety of weather conditions, boosting reliability and stability while also reducing the cost of guaranteeing energy supplies.


“We know that wind and solar can produce vast amounts of low cost energy, but developing complementary technologies including wave power and storage will be key to unlocking the greatest benefits.


“The sun doesn’t always shine and the wind doesn’t always blow, but waves are predictable and will help to fill those gaps,” Mr Geason said.